The Perks As Well As Troubles That Come With Payday Cash Loan

Article created by-Nash Boll

If you are similar to a lot of people today, you need a stack of cash quickly. There are a lot of things that might affect your financial situation, and a lot of people are looking towards payday cash advances to solve their issues. If you are thinking about it, make sure to read this article for useful information and payday loan tips.

Payday loans are offered by many companies. Make sure you do your research for any business that you are thinking about working with. Find out how their past customers feel. Do a simple online search, and read customer reviews of the loan company.

When looking for a payday loan, do not settle on the first company you find. Instead, compare as many rates as you can. While some companies will only charge you about 10 or 15 percent, others may charge you 20 or even 25 percent. Do your homework and find the cheapest company.

In order to avoid excessive fees, shop around before taking out a payday loan. There may be several businesses in your area that offer payday loans, and some of those companies may offer better interest rates than others. By checking around, you may be able to save money when it is time to repay the loan.

It is extremely important that you fill out your payday loan application truthfully. Although you may be tempted to do this so that you can be approved for a large amount, putting knowingly false information on your application is fraud, which can result in a criminal prosecution.




Evaluate several lenders to see if one offers a better interest rate than the others. There are many lenders who offer services online as opposed to an actual store that you physically go into. Online lenders tend to offer competitive rates to attract you to do business with them. Many will also give you a deal if you have not borrowed before. Prior to committing to a lender, be sure you know what choices you have.

Collectors will knock at your door if you don't pay off your loan on time. This will substantially hurt your credit rating, putting you in a poor position. Make sure that you have enough money in your bank account the day your payday loan is due.

If you are thinking that you may have to default on a payday loan, think again. The loan companies collect a large amount of data from you about things like your employer, and your address. They will harass you continually until you get the loan paid off. It is better to borrow from family, sell things, or do whatever else it takes to just pay the loan off, and move on.

When you apply for cash advances, be aware that these lenders charge very high interest rates. Consider borrowing money from friends, family members, your work or your bank before accepting a payday loan. If go here is necessary, make sure to do your research and read all the fine print.

Pay close attention to fees. The interest rates that payday lenders can charge is usually capped at the state level, although there may be local community regulations as well. Because of this, many payday lenders make their real money by levying fees both in size and quantity of fees overall.

Make sure that your lender has the ability to work in your state before you borrow. Each state has different lending laws in order to get a legit and legal loan. This means that state licensing is necessary.

Ask what the interest rate of the payday loan will be. visit my home page is important, because this is the amount you will have to pay in addition to the amount of money you are borrowing. You might even want to shop around and get the best interest rate you can. The lower rate you find, the lower your total repayment will be.




9 Housing and Mortgage Trends to Watch for in 2019


9 Housing and Mortgage Trends to Watch for in 2019 We believe everyone should be able to make financial decisions with confidence. And while our site doesn’t feature every company or financial product available on the market, we’re proud that the guidance we offer, the information we provide and the tools we create are objective, independent, straightforward — and free.


Avoid taking payday advances out, if you are already mired in a financial crisis. When you are having trouble making ends meet, it seems that this is the right time for a payday loan. However, the loan is just the first step. You must also pay it back, along with fees, and a hefty interest rate. If you cannot afford to pay the loan off with your next paycheck, a payday loan is not a wise idea.

Before you apply for a payday loan, make sure you will be able to pay it back after the loan term ends. Typically, the loan term can end after only about two weeks. Cash advance loans are just for those who can pay them back quickly. Make sure you will be getting paid sometime very soon before applying.

To save money towards your payday loan, try selling items from home you never use anymore through online sites like eBay and Amazon. Although you may not think you have many valuable items to sell, you most likely do. Look through your book collection, cd collection, and other electronics. Even if you can only make a couple hundred dollars, it can still help.

Take notice of anything holding things up if, your payday lending process takes more than 30 minutes. This industry is so regulated, automated, and computerized that it is practically a science now. Any payday lending process taking more than half an hour should, probably be aborted in favor of another lender who knows what they are doing.

A great aspect of payday cash advances is that you do not have to get a credit check or have collateral in order to get a loan. Many payday loan companies do not need any credentials other than your proof of employment. Make sure you bring your pay stubs with you when you go to apply for the loan.

Before you choose to go with a payday loan company, do your research online or on the phone to find out your borrowing limit. While one loan facility will offer you more, another one may offer you a smaller loan that may not cover your financial needs. By researching different companies, you can eliminate those that will not lend you the amount of money that you require.

Whenever you apply for a payday loan, try and find a lender that requires you to pay the loan back yourself. This is better than one that automatically, deducts the amount directly from your checking account. This will prevent you from accidentally over-drafting on your account, which would result in even more fees.

The need of a payday loan typically stems from an unforeseen event. Perhaps you have to pay the rent a few days before your paycheck is deposited. Although payday advances are there to help during these times and make it simple to acquire money, you must be very careful when dealing with them. If you follow the tips presented here, you should be able to navigate the payday loan system with ease.






Obtain The Response To Your Residence Mortgage Concerns

Created by-Lim Song

Finding out that you could have gotten a much better mortgage than you currently have can be a very distasteful experience. You don't want to be that person. You want to go into a mortgage being well-informed. Therefore, keep reading so that you find out the information that you need to know.

There are loans available for first time home buyers. These loans usually do not require a lot of money down and often have lower interest rates than standard mortgages. Most first time home buyer loans are guaranteed by the government; thus, there is more paperwork needed than standard mortgage applications.

Try to have a down payment of at least 20 percent of the sales price. In addition to lowering your interest rate, you will also avoid pmi or private mortgage insurance premiums. This insurance protects the lender should you default on the loan. Premiums are added to your monthly payment.

Having the correct documentation is important before applying for a home mortgage. Before speaking to a lender, you'll want to have bank statements, income tax returns and W-2s, and at least your last two paycheck stubs. If you can, prepare these documents in electronic format for easy and quick transmission to the lender.

Check with your local Better Business Bureau before giving personal information to any lender. Unfortunately, there are predatory lenders out there that are only out to steal your identity. By checking with your BBB, you can ensure that you are only giving your information to a legitimate home mortgage lender.

Before you buy a home, request information on the tax history. Anticipating property taxes is important. Your property taxes are based on the value of your home so a high appraisal can mean higher expenses.

Do not allow yourself to fall for whatever the banks tell you about getting a home mortgage. You have to remember that they are in the business of making money, and many of them are willing to use techniques to suck as much of that money out of you that they can.





Find out how much your mortgage broker will be making off of the transaction. Many times mortgage broker commissions are negotiable just like real estate agent commissions are negotiable. Get this information and writing and take the time to look over the fee schedule to ensure the items listed are correct.

Check with relevant internet page before giving personal information to any lender. Unfortunately, there are predatory lenders out there that are only out to steal your identity. By checking with your BBB, you can ensure that you are only giving your information to a legitimate home mortgage lender.

You can request for the seller to pay for certain closing costs. For example, a seller can pay either a percentage of the closing cost or for certain services. Many times the seller is responsible for paying for a termite inspection along with a survey and appraisal of the property.

Make sure you pay down any debts and avoid new ones while in the process of getting approved for a mortgage loan. Before a lender approves you for a mortgage, they evaluate your debt to income ratio. If your debt ratio is too high, the lender can offer you a lower mortgage or deny you a loan.

Get at least three mortgage offers before deciding on which one to go with. Home mortgages, like many other loans, will vary in their costs and rates from lender to lender. What you think is a good deal may not be, so it's important to see multiple options before making a decision.

If you are able to pay a bit more each month, consider 15 and 20-year mortgages. You'll end up paying a lot less interest over the life of your loan. It is possible to save thousands of dollars when compared to the more traditional 30 year mortgage.

Save up as much as you can before you look into buying a home. The more that you have to put down, the better that the terms of your home mortgage contract will be. Essentially, anything that you have to take out on loan could cost you three times that by the end, so save as much as is possible first.




15 Mortgage Tips for First-Time Homebuyers


15 Mortgage Tips for First-Time Homebuyers1. Know your credit score and what it means to your mortgage.2. Estimate how much you can borrow.3. https://www.reuters.com/article/czech-banks-mortgages/czechs-scramble-for-mortgage-loans-before-tighter-rules-bite-idUSL8N1WB2NB overextend yourself.4. Get your documentation in order.5. Get a mortgage pre-approval before you start shopping.6. How much of a down payment do you have?.15 Mortgage Tips for First-Time Homebuyers.7. Closing costs don't have to add to your out-of-pocket expenses.8. Consider an FHA loan if your credit history isn't great.9. Budget for mortgage insurance, if necessary.10. Shop around for a low rate.11. Don't forget about smaller lenders.12. Consider a 15-year mortgage.13. Fixed or adjustable?.14. Expect a few hassles before closing.15. After you apply, don't use your credit until you have the keys in hand


Do not even bother with looking at houses before you have applied for a home mortgage. When you have pre-approval, you know how much money you have to work with. Additionally, pre-approval means you do not have to rush. You can take your time looking at homes knowing that you have money in your pocket.

Consider a home mortgage plan that incorporates the property taxes into this. Some companies will even give you a break on interest if you do this, as in makes it more likely that you will keep possession of your home. Not paying your taxes could lead to someone else owning the property on which your home resides.

Most financial institutions require that the property taxes and insurance payments be escrowed. This means the extra amount is added onto your monthly mortgage payment and the payments are made by the institution when they are due. This is convenient, but you also give up any interest you could have collected on the money during the year.

Always be truthful. Never ever lie when you are applying for a mortgage. Make sure your asset and income reporting is accurate. If you do this, you will burden yourself with more liability than you can handle. It might seem like a good idea in the beginning, but it will come back and bite you in the future.

Opt out of credit offers before applying for a home mortgage. Many times creditors will pull a credit file without your knowledge. This can result in an immediate decline for a home mortgage. To help prevent this from happening to you, opt out of all credit offers at least six months before applying for a loan.

You see after reading the above article that the home mortgage process does not have to difficult. Many people jump into buying a new home without thinking about how they will pay for it. By incorporating can i afford this house calculator into the home buying process, you can help secure the home of your dreams.






What You Required To Know About Residence Mortgages

Article created by-Choi Johannesen

Getting a great deal on your home mortgages is not easy. Paying it off in a timely manner also takes quite a bit of work. Doing your research before you sign the mortgage papers is your best bet. Follow the helpful home mortgage tips listed below to make sure you have the upper hand when signing the papers for a home mortgage.

When it comes to getting a good interest rate, shop around. Each individual lender sets their interest rate based on the current market rate; however, interest rates can vary from company to company. By shopping around, you can ensure that you will be receiving the lowest interest rate currently available.

To make sure that you get the best rate on your mortgage, examine your credit rating report carefully. Lenders will make you an offer based on your credit score, so if there are any problems on your credit report, make sure to resolve them before you shop for a mortgage.

If the idea of a mortgage looming over your head for the next few decades does not appeal to you, consider refinancing over a shorter period. Although your monthly payments will be more, you'll save a lot in terms of interest over the life of the loan. It also means being mortgage-free much sooner, and owning your home outright!

Once you have chosen the right loan for your needs and begun the application process, make sure to get all of the required paperwork in quickly. Ask for https://s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/mortgages-roswell-ga/lending-brokers.html in writing from you lender and submit your financial information on time. Not submitting your paperwork on time may mean the loss of a good interest rate.

There are many different types of home mortgage loans available, and some are much easier to get than others. If you are having a problem getting a conventional loan, try applying for an adjustable rate mortgage or a balloon. These are short term loans ranging from one to 10 years, and need to be converted when they expire.

Before you contact a mortgage lender to apply for a loan to buy a home, use one of the fast and easy mortgage calculators available online. You can enter your loan amount, the interest rate and the length of the loan. The calculator will figure the monthly payment that you can expect.

Understand the difference between a mortgage broker and a mortgage lender. There is an important distinction that you need to be aware of so you can make the best choice for your situation. A mortgage broker is a middle man, who helps you shop for loans from several different lenders. A mortgage lender is the direct source for a loan.





When trying to figure out how much of a mortgage payment you can afford every month, do not neglect to factor in all the other costs of owning a home. There will be homeowner's insurance to consider, as well as neighborhood association fees. If you have previously rented, you might also be new to covering landscaping and yard care, as well as maintenance costs.

Be realistic when choosing a home. Just because your lender pre-approves you for a certain amount doesn't mean that's the amount you can afford. Look at your income and your budget realistically and choose a home with payments that are within your means. This will save you a lifetime of stress in the long run.

Be careful when taking out a second line of financing. Many financial institutions will allow you to borrow money on your home equity to pay off other debts. Remember you are not actually paying off those debts, but transferring them to your house. Check to make sure your new home loan is not at a higher interest rate than the original debts.

Ask around about mortgage financing. You may be surprised at the leads you can generate by simply talking to people. Ask your co-workers, friends, and family about their mortgage companies and experiences. They will often lead you to resources that you would not have been able to find on your own.

Do not sign a home mortgage contract before you have determined that there is no doubt that you will be able to afford the payments. Just because the bank approves you for a loan does not mean that you could really endure it financially. First do the math so that you know that you will be able to keep the home that you buy.

Most financial institutions want the assurance that the property they finance is insured and the property taxes are current. They do this by requiring that you add an amount to cover those expenses to your mortgage payments. This is called an escrow account, and most people find it is convenient to set up payments this way.

Make https://www.jurist.org/news/2019/01/federal-appeals-court-fannie-mae-not-liable-for-credit-assessment-error/ that you compare mortgage rates from several companies before you settle on one. Even if the difference seems to be minimal, this can add up over the years. One point higher can mean thousands of extra you will have to shell out over the course of the loan.

If you have bad credit, avoid applying for a home mortgage. Although you may feel financially ready enough to handle the costs of a mortgage, you will not qualify for a good interest rate. This means you will end up paying a lot more over the life of your loan.




Tips to Avoid Talking Too Much to Reverse Mortgage Borrowers


Tips to Avoid Talking Too Much to Reverse Mortgage Borrowers While reverse mortgage originators are likely to agree that they need to give potential borrowers all the information they need in order to make an informed decision, talking too much about reverse mortgage product features and details could actually work far more against a loan officer’s efforts.


Investigate preapprovals before you start home shopping. Preapproved mortgages will give you an idea of both how much home you can afford plus what your monthly mortgage payments will be. This will set the parameters of your home shopping and save you time not looking at properties you can't realistically afford.

Do not fail to have inspections. Inspections can be expensive but repairs can dwarf any savings you get by not having the inspection. Most mortgage lenders require inspections as part of the lending process. If you skip them it could hold up your loan, or even cause it to fall through.

Compare conventional loans to FHA loans. A lot of buyers opt for a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgage because they can give as little as 3.5 percent down when buying a home. A conventional loan requires at least 5 percent down. If you can give a higher down payment, get quotes for both conventional and FHA loans and do a cost comparison.

People go in search of their dream home every day, unfortunately it end when they get denied when trying for a mortgage. You don't have to be that person, now that you read excellent tips on how to get approved for a home mortgage. These simple tips should be followed so the next time you apply, there is no reason that the lender will reject your application.






Tops Tips Regarding Home Mortgages That Any Individual Can Follow

Created by-Joyner Sejersen

If you are a first time home buyer, there are many complicated details you will need to know when you shop for your mortgage. Banks, credit unions and mortgage brokers all have different requirements for mortgage loans. Learn the differences between them so you can decide which is the best way to go.

When it comes to getting a good interest rate, shop around. Each individual lender sets their interest rate based on the current market rate; however, interest rates can vary from company to company. By shopping around, you can ensure that you will be receiving the lowest interest rate currently available.

Understand your credit score and how that affects your chances for a mortgage loan. Most lenders require a certain credit level, and if you fall below, you are going to have a tougher time getting a mortgage loan with reasonable rates. A good idea is for you to try to improve your credit before you apply for mortgage loan.

Know your credit score before going in to get a mortgage. Your potential lender will do their own homework on this, but you should arm yourself with the intel as well. Knowledge is power in terms of the negotiations to follow. If you aren't clear on your strengths and weaknesses, then a lender can more easily use the knowledge against you.

Know your credit score and keep unsavory mortgage lenders at bay. Some unscrupulous lenders will lie to you about your credit score, claiming it is lower than it actually is. They use this lie to justify charging you a higher interest rate on your mortgage. Knowing your credit score is protection from this fraud.

Make sure that all of your loans and other payments are up to date before you apply for a mortgage. Every delinquency you have is going to impact your credit score, so it is best to pay things off and have a solid payment history before you contact any lenders.

Make sure you look at multiple mortgage lenders before settling on one. You definitely need to do some comparison shopping. There are what is the credit score required to buy a house of different mortgage rates and deals out there, so stopping at just one could really mean wasting thousands of dollars over the life of your mortgage.

You may wish to refinance without closing costs. You do not always need to spend your money to save money when you refinance. Many lenders will offer mortgages that have no closing costs. Lenders make up for these costs by charging you an interest rate that's slightly higher. This slight increase sometimes translates into some extra dollars in your monthly payment, but you can save thousands in your closing costs.





Really think about the amount of house that you can really afford. Banks will give you pre-approved home mortgages if you'd like, but there may be other considerations that the bank isn't thinking of. Do you have future education needs? Are there upcoming travel expenses? Consider these when looking at your total mortgage.

If you are looking to buy any big ticket items, make sure that you wait until your loan has been closed. Buying large items may give the lender the idea that you are irresponsible and/or overextending yourself and they may worry about your ability to pay them back the money you are trying to borrow.

Do not close out any credit card accounts while you are in the middle of applying for a loan. This will negatively impact you since all of your credit cards were used when determining your eligibility for a loan. If you need to close your account for any reason, wait until the loan process is over.

Remember, no home mortgage is "a lock" until you've closed on the home. A lot of things can affect your home mortgage up to that point, including a second check of your credit, a job loss, and other types of new information. Keep your finances in check between your loan approval and the close to make sure everything goes as planned.

Understand what happens if you stop paying your home mortgage. It's important to get what the ramifications are so that you really know the seriousness of such a big loan as a home mortgage. Not paying can lead to a lower credit score and potentially losing your home! It's a big deal.

Compare mortgages in order to get the best one. Of Click On this site , getting the best interest rate is very important. You'll also want to see the varying loan types that they have. From closing costs to requirements for down payment amounts, there is a lot to consider.

Ask a lot of questions of the mortgage lender you plan to use. The lender should answer your questions clearly, without being vague. If a lender dodges your questions or refuses to give a straight answer, you know it's time to look for a new home mortgage lender to work with.

Do not forget to consider the local property tax rates before you enter into a home mortgage contract. Just because you can afford the mortgage payment does not mean that you will be able to afford the taxes on the home. In some areas the taxes on a modest home can feel like a second mortgage, so be sure to look into this.




12 tips to securing your first mortgage – Which?


12 tips to securing your first mortgage – Which? There are a number of schemes out there to help first-time buyers purchase a home. While offering a helping hand to aspiring owners, most of them come with exceptions that you should make sure you fully understand.


Investigate preapprovals before you start home shopping. Preapproved mortgages will give you an idea of both how much home you can afford plus what your monthly mortgage payments will be. This will set the parameters of your home shopping and save you time not looking at properties you can't realistically afford.

Contrary to popular belief, there are plenty of lenders out there who will loan to you. So you need to shop around with your loan options. Never jump at the first opportunity you find. https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/housing-mortgage-markets-may-recovered-risks-remain/ will leave you paying far too much and will leave you obligated to a loan whose terms are not favorable to you.

Compare conventional loans to FHA loans. A lot of buyers opt for a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgage because they can give as little as 3.5 percent down when buying a home. A conventional loan requires at least 5 percent down. If you can give a higher down payment, get quotes for both conventional and FHA loans and do a cost comparison.

So many individuals all over the world are in search of a home mortgage only to see their application get denied. This does not have to be you, and the tips that you just read have simplified everything. Use them wisely to help you prepare yourself to get approved for a home mortgage.






House Home Mortgage: Tips To Maintain You Safe

Content written by-Jefferson Adair

Trying to determine the best mortgage company for your needs is like trying to pick a needle out of a haystack if you don't know what you're doing. It is imperative that you learn a little about mortgage selection so that you can apply it to your own life. Knowing columbus mortgage can help you make the right decision.

Try getting pre-approved for your mortgage. It helps you know what you're able to spend before you bid on properties. It also helps you avoid getting attached to a home that is out of your price range. The process is generally simple: you contact a mortgage lender, submit the personal and financial information, and then wait for their response. Some information in this process will include the amount you can afford and your loan's interest rate. You will receive a pre-approval letter from your lender, and then you'll have the funds as soon as the seller accepts the bid. Your pre-approval process may not be this simple, but it could be.

If a 20% down payment is out of your league, do some shopping around. Different banks will have different offers for you to consider. Terms and rates will vary at each, some will give a lower downpayment, but a slightly higher interest rate. Look for the best mix for your current situation.

If you are planning on purchasing a house, make sure your credit is in good standing. Most lenders want to make sure your credit history has been spotless for at least a year. To obtain the best rate, your credit score should be at least 720. Remember that the lower your score is, the harder the chances of getting approved.

Have the necessary documents ready. There are a few documents that you'll be expected to have when you come in for a home mortgage. You'll need to provide bank statements, income tax reports, W-2 statements, and at least two pay stubs. Having these at the ready will help make your meetings go much quicker.

Keep in mind that not all mortgage lending companies have the same rules for approving mortgages and don't be discouraged if you are turned down by the first one you try. Ask for an explanation of why you were denied the mortgage and fix the problem if you can. It may also be that you just need to find a different mortgage company.

Never sign anything without talking to a lawyer first. The law does not fully protect you from the shrewd practices that many banks are willing to participate in. Having a lawyer on your side could save you thousands of dollars, and possibly your financial future. Be sure to get the right advice before proceeding.




The pros and cons of paying off your mortgage early


The pros and cons of paying off your mortgage earlyMost homeowners want to own their homes free and clear. For some, that means using a raise, inheritance or savings to pay off their mortgage early. But this seemingly responsible move may not always be in your best financial interest.


Gather financial documents together before making your loan application. Most mortgage lenders ask for similar documentation. They want to see W2s, bank statements, pay stubs as well as income tax returns. Having these documents ready will ensure a faster and smoother process.

Do not close out any credit card accounts while you are in the middle of applying for a loan. This will negatively impact you since all of your credit cards were used when determining your eligibility for a loan. If you need to close your account for any reason, wait until the loan process is over.

Put as much as you can toward a down payment. Twenty percent is a typical down payment, but put down more if possible. Why? The more you can pay now, the less you'll owe your lender and the lower your interest rate on the remaining debt will be. It can save you thousands of dollars.

One type of loan that is not normally talked about is an interest only loan. This type of loan allows you to make low monthly payments for a certain period, then the payment amount increases. These loans are generally used to help you get into a home at a low monthly payment.

Work with mortgage brokers if you have trouble getting a loan from a credit union or bank. Many times a broker is able to find a mortgage that will fit your circumstances better than traditional lenders can. They are connected with multiple lenders and will be able to help you choose wisely.

If you are a retired person in the process of getting a mortgage, get a 30 year fixed loan if possible. Even though https://s3.us-east-2.amazonaws.com/mortgages-roswell-ga/lending-brokers.html may never be paid off in your lifetime, your payments will be lower. Since you will be living on a fixed income, it is important that your payments stay as low as possible and do not change.

Remember that there are always closing costs and a down payment associated with a home mortgage. Closing costs could be about three or four percent of the price of the home you select. Be sure to establish a savings account and fund it well so that you will be able to cover your down payment and closing costs comfortably.





Know the real estate agency or home builder you are dealing with. It is common for builders and agencies to have their own in-house financiers. Ask the about their lenders. Find out their available loan terms. This could open a new avenue of financing up for your new home mortgage.

The best way to be sure that you take a mortgage which will continue to be easy to pay off in the future is to take less than the maximum amount you are offered. If you have some extra money at the end of the month, you can put it away into an emergency fund instead of your mortgage.

Take note of home buying season. Usually markets will have hot and cold selling periods. The hotter the selling period, the more shady lenders are likely to be around. If you know what trend the market is in, you will better be able to guard against people looking to take advantage of you.

If you're not a good negotiator, hire a mortgage broker. The lender will pay their commission, which means you don't have to pay for their help, which saves you time and money. They'll be able to locate a great rate with great terms for you without any time spent on your part.

There is more to saving money on your mortgage than just getting a low interest rate. How long they expect you to make payments for will play a huge role in how much you spend over time, and how quickly your mortgage is paid off. Also, will you be able to put down lump sums yearly to help pay it off more quickly?

Now you know how to get a great loan without any headaches or stress. As long as you use the tips you've read here, you should have no problems in the future. Be fha vs conventional loan to use this education so that you don't stumble over the hurdles the experts who wrote it have already dealt with.






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